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            假山制作的方法

            来源:http://www.pontdesbannes.com/news/463.html  更新时间:2022-01-12
            假山制作方法
            Rockery making method
            根据事先制作的假山模型,经过构思选用适当的树、石、山、草等素材,进行排列组合来完成这一立意。假山制作的基本操作流程,其实就是粘接。
            According to the rockery model made in advance, after conception, appropriate materials such as trees, stones, mountains and grass are selected for arrangement and combination to complete this idea. The basic operation process of rockery production is actually bonding.
            粘接山石的胶合剂有水泥(灰、白两种)、环氧树脂、307号-1不饱和聚脂树脂。从廉价、使用方便考虑,假山胶接多采用水泥,水泥的标号越高越好。
            The adhesives for bonding mountain rocks include cement (gray and white), epoxy resin and 307-1 unsaturated polyester resin. Considering the cheapness and convenience of use, cement is mostly used for rockery bonding. The higher the grade of cement, the better.
            1、先要调好水泥浆,注意浆要随用随调,还要注意浆的稀稠度。为增加凝固时间,可在水泥中适量加入堵漏材料;对于石体上需附着造型石体,可用云石胶固定,在胶体干后用水泥浆覆盖胶体,以协调整体色调。
            1. First, adjust the cement slurry. Note that the slurry should be adjusted with use, and pay attention to the consistency of the slurry. In order to increase the setting time, an appropriate amount of plugging material can be added to the cement; For the shaped stone to be attached to the stone body, it can be fixed with marble glue, and the colloid is covered with cement slurry after the colloid is dry to coordinate the overall tone.
            2、石材加工,把需要胶接的石头用锤、凿、锯等工具加工出纹理和比较奇特的形状来。为保证于上下石体相互支撑,对接触部位还需进行切割加工。
            2. Stone processing: use hammer, chisel, saw and other tools to process the stones that need to be glued into textures and strange shapes. In order to ensure that the upper and lower stone bodies support each other, the contact parts need to be cut.
            3、粘合山体,在需要粘合的山石面用涂上水泥浆使山石吻合为一体,粘合时要注意,对于比较大、重、粘不稳的石材,不要用小木棍支撑好,再粘接,待水泥浆完全干好以后,再把木棍撤去。尽量使山石粘合处看不出断裂的痕迹,还要注意把粘合处多余的浆清干净。
            3. For the bonding of mountains, the surface of mountains and stones to be bonded shall be coated with cement slurry to make the mountains and stones fit together. During bonding, pay attention to that for large, heavy and unstable stones, do not support them with small wooden sticks, and then bond them. After the cement slurry is completely dry, remove the wooden sticks. Try not to see the fracture trace at the bonding place of mountains and stones, and pay attention to cleaning the excess slurry at the bonding place.
            为了接近自然,胶结泥未干时可在接缝处涂撒本石料的石屑。胶合后,先用其它的支撑物给予辅助。化胶在24小时可凝固硬结,水泥夏季半天、冬季1-2天后可搬动。水泥胶合后的3-4小时,可用小刀锯条轻轻刮掉多余或污染石身的水泥,并在接缝处拉出与石料同样的纹理来。
            In order to be close to nature, when the cemented mud is not dry, the stone chips of the stone can be coated at the joint. After gluing, use other supports to assist. The chemical glue can solidify and harden in 24 hours, and the cement can be moved in half a day in summer and 1-2 days in winter. After 3-4 hours of cement bonding, use a small knife and saw blade to gently scrape off the excess or contaminated cement of the stone body, and pull out the same texture as the stone at the joint.
            五、安装净水系统和循环系统
            5、 Installation of water purification system and circulating system
            喷水池、小瀑布的回水方式大都采用自循环式。即采用一个水泵,从池内吸水,并将水供至瀑布的源头处,瀑布水再回落至水池内,周而复始地循环。如果池内水变少时,可打开补水阀门,将新鲜自来水加入池内。
            The return water of fountain and small waterfall mostly adopts self circulation type. That is, a water pump is used to absorb water from the pool and supply water to the source of the waterfall. The waterfall water then falls back to the pool and circulates again and again. If there is less water in the tank, open the make-up valve and add fresh tap water into the tank.
            笔者(绿人园林)说的这个循环系统的安装方法,读者也许不是很懂,没有关系,在购买净水系统、循环系统时,店主会告诉你的安装方法,甚至很多都会上门安装,所以,大家不用担心。
            The installation method of the circulating system mentioned by the author (green man garden) may not be well understood by the readers. It doesn't matter. When purchasing the water purification system and circulating system, the shopkeeper will tell you the installation method, and even many will be installed on the door. Therefore, you don't have to worry.
            六、假山植物种植
            6、 Rockery plant planting
            庭院假山上浮土一般较少,适合种植较耐干旱的植物,松竹比较适合,侧面石头缝隙可以种一些耐贫瘠土质有根状茎或肉质根的花卉,推荐吊兰(观叶)、百合(花)。
            There is generally less floating soil on the courtyard rockery, which is suitable for planting drought resistant plants. Pine and bamboo are more suitable. Some flowers with root or fleshy roots resistant to barren soil can be planted in the stone gap on the side. Chlorophytum (foliage) and Lily (flower) are recommended.
            假山鱼池植物种植图片
            Rockery fish pond plant planting picture
            溪流一旁适宜种植一些阔叶观叶花卉,龟背竹、春芋之类的就可以,如果有静水,菖蒲、睡莲是少不了的,瀑布下面可以种植蕨类等喜阴植物,整体布置完毕以后可以很少的点缀一些色彩艳丽或清雅的花卉,(不宜太多)这就根据个人爱好选择了。
            Some broad-leaved foliage flowers, such as turtle backed bamboo and spring taro, can be planted next to the stream. If there is still water, calamus and water lily are indispensable. Shade loving plants such as ferns can be planted under the waterfall. After the overall layout, some colorful or elegant flowers can be rarely dotted (not too much) which can be selected according to personal preferences.
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            The wonderful content of this article is provided by Jinan rockery production. There are many wonderful content on this website. You can click to enter more content: http://www.pontdesbannes.com We have special customer service to answer your questions
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