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            当前位置:首页 > 新闻中心 > 行业新闻 > 园林传统艺术假山制作的种类有哪些?

            园林传统艺术假山制作的种类有哪些?

            来源:http://www.pontdesbannes.com/industry/458.html  更新时间:2021-12-08
            假山,是我国园林中传统艺术,已有两千多年的历史。它的制作要经过选料、筑池、叠山、装饰四个阶段来进行。选料:大型山石的制作,无论是硬质石料与软质石料、不论是吸水与不吸水,都要求做到石料统一,规格统一(块状或条状)。筑池:叠山理水,筑池是理水的一种手段。
            Rockery, a traditional art in Chinese gardens, has a history of more than 2000 years. Its production should go through four stages: material selection, pool building, mountain folding and decoration. Material selection: for the production of large mountain stones, whether hard stones or soft stones, whether absorbing water or not, it is required to achieve the unity of stones and specifications (block or strip). Pond building: stacking mountains to manage water. Pond building is a means of managing water.
            水是山的血脉,有水则灵。水池的式样有多种。常见的是圆形,通常直径在5至10米,深在80至120厘米;水深减除20厘米口沿,保持60厘米至100厘米;池底留有管道放水。叠山:假山不论是多体的(组合式),或单体的(孤峰式);它都是由主体(主峰)客体(客峰)衬体(矮山)三部分构成的。
            Water is the blood of the mountain. Water is the spirit. There are many types of pools. It is usually round, usually 5 to 10 meters in diameter and 80 to 120 cm deep; Water depth minus 20 cm mouth edge, keep 60 cm to 100 cm; Pipes are reserved at the bottom of the tank for drainage. Stack mountain: rockery, whether multi-body (combined type) or single body (isolated peak type); It is composed of three parts: subject (main peak), object (guest peak) and lining (low mountain).
            假山制作一般采纳国画中的高远法和深远法。高远法:主体应排在前面左侧或右侧,若主体在左,客体即在右,形成开合式、一大一小、一高一矮、互相呼应。主峰挺拔险峻、后面山坡缓缓延伸,与后座衬体(远山)形断意连。
            Rockery production generally adopts the lofty method and far-reaching method in traditional Chinese painting. High and far method: the subject should be arranged on the front left or right. If the subject is on the left, the object is on the right, forming an open and close type, one large and one small, one high and one low, echoing each other. The main peak is tall and steep, and the back hillside extends slowly, which is connected with the rear seat lining (distant mountain).
            主峰耸立面前,形成开门见山欲先藏的手法,使人感到境界越大,对中部的山水景色产生"可见而又看不清"的诱惑力,使游人需要再移步往前看个究竟。深远法:主体的高度比例和高远法相同,其位置应排在中部左侧或右侧,客体摆在前面右侧或左侧。主客体一个错前,一个错后,遥相呼应,衬体在后。单体景物的多层结构,构成近(客体)中(主体)远(衬体)景的各体层次,从而加强了正面的透视感,增加了景观的深。山体总面积一般不超过水面的一半或少于一半。这样,留下足够的空白,给欣赏者留下联想与想象的空间,达到"此处无景胜有景""虚中见实"的效果。
            The main peak stands in front of you, forming a straightforward way to hide first, which makes people feel that the greater the realm is, the more attractive it is to the landscape in the middle, which makes visitors need to move forward to find out. Far reaching method: the height proportion of the subject is the same as that of the high and far method. Its position should be arranged on the left or right of the middle, and the object should be placed on the right or left in front. The subject and object echo each other from a distance, and the lining body is behind. The multi-layer structure of the single scene constitutes each body level of the near (object), medium (subject) and far (lining) scene, so as to strengthen the positive perspective and increase the depth of the landscape. The total area of the mountain is generally not more than half or less than half of the water surface. In this way, enough space will be left for the audience to associate and imagine, so as to achieve the effect of "no scenery here is better than scenery" and "seeing reality in emptiness".
            "山借树为衣,树以山为骨",只有合理配置植物,山水才能有骨有肉,有形有神。通常选用姿态优美,叶小常绿,生长不旺,寿命很长,适应性强的植物。悬崖式假山应植些垂挂类植物。
            "The mountain borrows trees as clothes, and the tree takes the mountain as bone". Only by reasonably configuring plants, can the landscape have bones, meat and God. Plants with beautiful posture, small and evergreen leaves, poor growth, long life and strong adaptability are usually selected. Cliff rockery should be planted with some hanging plants.
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